Review of 2011 _History of Psychology_ article "Cattell, Columbia, and Academic Freedom..."
United States


00:00:11this is Twin Hawk shorts for April 27th 2012 short reviews of recent articles in the history of psychology literature produced by this week in history of psychology on Christopher Greene from York University in Toronto Canada today we're going to have a guest reviewer her name is Jennifer bizarre and she is a PhD student in the history and theory of psychology program at York University she's going to review an article about James McKeen cattell the psychologist from the turn of the 20th century who is perhaps best known for having invented the first mental test but this is an article about his firing from Columbia University in the wake of u.s. entry into World War 1 in 1917 series Jennifer bizarre includes a short note by Michael SoCal Emeritus professor at Worcester Polytechnic Institute in Massachusetts
00:01:07Freedom rarely use sources in which analysis of the significant episode the notice of follow-up to an earlier article published by so Colin 2000s and journal the original article Revisited the controversy surrounding James McCann cattell's dismissal from Columbia University in 1917 as a martyr by presenting a version of events which demonstrated that could tell was not a victim but an active threat to the academic freedom of his colleagues there are several ways that we can look at socal's 2011 note on the one hand he's providing supplementary evidence in support of his earlier kind of Patel's dismissal representing newly available sources these included the lyrics of a Columbia University song book for 1903 editorial cartoon Herald published the day after cattell's dismissal and the FBI records for James McCann cattell
00:02:01so Cal's 2011 no more broadly we see that he's making historiographical argument to historians of psychology
00:02:09historiography is the term for how historians study history that is history's methods it's a term that might seem straightforward but is hotly debated among historians but how they should best pursuer particular topic Soquel argues for what he calls a thick description of the fine texture of the past this phrase is broke manthropology and has appeared throat so how's work for a number of years the term is being used in part contrast with the common assumption that historians represent causal explanations for the way the pasta's unfolded Soquel argues that historians do not provided this provided interpretation of a moment in time that takes into consideration many contribute influences with the description and fine texture Soquel is emphasizing the importance of personal and social context when historians examine an individual
00:03:01he argues that historians need to take a cab to the influence of an individual's personal history their families and their upbringing as well as the larger social context of their place of work they're calling computers the city in which they lived and so on these elements are not peripheral to historical analysis but crucial and truly understanding the character of a person and interpreting Behavior discussion textbooks socal's argument would fall into the camp of external history that is he's demonstrated that I truly understand could tell in his actions we need to step back and consider the wider context in which he lived scientific developments don't happen in a laboratory alone they are riddled with elements from the personal political economic social and cultural context that surround us
00:03:53as part of the Satori graphical argument so-called also calls for an extension of the types of sources traditionally drawn on by historians of psychology and their research examples he presents in the 2011 note Song Book cartoon FBI records contains lyrics that describe the favoritism shown to an otherwise ill-behaved son of one of the University of Trustees as such the lyrics serve to lend outside support could tell Zone criticisms against Rusty influence Affairs cartoon likewise provides evidence of a more direct public commentary about cattell's dismissal papers the day following cattell's dismissal the cartoons imagery reveal support for the institutions pro-war stance and finally the FBI file provides many previously unavailable details about
00:04:53including the report of the FBI raid on the cattell family home for which only one side of the incident was previously available it also includes opinions from colleagues position within the discipline taken together between news sources do not change socal's original argument but instead strengthen the support sandwich your breast and directly counter criticisms regarding his conclusions
00:05:16Michael so-called call for a wide array of historical sources is a continuation of appeals has made throughout his career in the mid-1970s Dental Laboratory instrument preserved Anna sources of information his argument then as now pushes historians of psychology to look beyond the sources commonly found within the manuscript collections of an individual psychologist that by branching outside of our comfort zone Newcleus to our historical mysteries this is been Jennifer Bazaar fort with hot shorts and that's all for Atwood hot shorts for the 27th of April 2012 on Christopher Greene

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