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ABOUT THIS EPISODE

AI is massively transforming our world, but there's one thing it cannot do: love. In a visionary talk, computer scientist Kai-Fu Lee details how the US and China are driving a deep learning revolution -- and shares a blueprint for how humans can thrive in the age of AI by harnessing compassion and creativity. "AI is serendipity," Lee says. "It is here to liberate us from routine jobs, and it is here to remind us what it is that makes us human."
English
United States

TRANSCRIPT

00:00:00this Ted talk features he recorded live at Ted twenty eighteen the right higher can make a huge impact on your business that's why it's so important to find the right person but where do you find that individual linked in linked in jobs matches people to your role based
00:00:21on more of who they really are their skills interests in even how open they are to new opportunities that's why a new hire is made every ten seconds using linked in hurry to linked in dot com slash Ted daily for fifty dollars off your first job post that's
00:00:37linked in dot com slash Ted daily terms and conditions apply Ted talks daily is supported by progressive saving is the name of the game and with progressive name your price tool your in the driver seat when it comes to car insurance tell them how much you want to
00:00:54pay and they'll find options within your budget choose your coverage and start an online quote today a progressive dot com I'm going to talk about how a I N. mankind can co exist but first we have to rethink about our human values so let me first make a
00:01:15confession about my errors in my values it was eleven o'clock December sixteenth nineteen ninety one I was about to become a father for the first time my wife's handling lay in the hospital bed going through a very difficult twelve hour labor I sat by her bedside but looked
00:01:36anxiously at my watch and I knew something that she didn't I knew that if in one hour our child didn't come I was going to leave her there and go back to work and make a presentation about A. I. to my boss apple CEO fortunately my daughter was
00:01:58born at eleven thirty thanks sparing me from doing the unthinkable and to this date I am so sorry for letting my work ethic take precedence over love for my family my A. I. talk however went off brilliantly apple love my work and decided to announce it at ten
00:02:30nineteen ninety two twenty six years ago on this very stage I thought I had made one of the biggest most important discoveries in a high and so did the Wall Street journal on the following day but as far as discoveries went there turned out I didn't discover India
00:02:49or America perhaps I discover the little island off of four to go but the A. I. Iran's discovery continued and more scientists pour their souls into it about ten years ago the grand a I discovery was made by three north American scientists and it's known as the learning
00:03:10learning is a technology that can take a huge amount of data within one single domain and learn to predict or decide at super human accuracy for example if we show the deep learning that work a massive number of fast food photos it can recognize foods such as hot
00:03:29dog or no hot dog or if we show that many pictures and videos and sensor data from a driving on the highway if can actually drive a car as well as a human being on the highway and what if we show the steep learning network all the speeches
00:03:51made by president trump then this artificially intelligent president trump actually the the network can you like double oxymoron so this network if given the request to make a speech about a high he or it might say it's a great thing to build a better world with artificial intelligence
00:04:34and maybe another language and religion on jobs aggregations yet you didn't know he knows Chinese did you so the burning has become the core in the era of A. I. discovery and that's led by the U. S. but we're now in the era of implementation where what really
00:04:54matters is execution product quality speed and data and that's where China comes in a Chinese entrepreneurs whom I find is a venture capitalists are incredible workers amazing work ethic my example in the delivery room is nothing compared to how hard people work in China as an example one
00:05:14start up try to clean work life balance come work for us because we are nine nine six and what does that mean it means the work hours of nine AM to nine PM six days a week that's contrasted with other star that's that doing nine nine seven and
00:05:32the Chinese product quality has consistently gone up in the past decade and that's because of a fierce fully in competitive environment in Silicon Valley entrepreneurs compete very gentlemanly in very gentlemanly fashion sort of like an old wars which in which each side took turns to fire at each
00:05:52other but in the Chinese environment it's truly a gladiatorial fight to the death in such a brutal environment entrepreneurs learn to grow very rapidly they learn to to make their products better at lightning speed and they learn to hone their business models until they're impregnable as a result
00:06:15great Chinese products like we chat and we bought our arguably better than the equivalent American products from Facebook and Twitter and the Chinese market embraces this change and xcelerated changing paradigm shifts as an example if you any of you go to China you will see it's almost cashless
00:06:35and credit card lists because that thing that we all talk about mobile payment has become the reality in China in the last year eighteen point eight trillion U. S. dollars were transacted on mobile internet and that's because a very robust technologies builds behind it is even bigger than
00:06:55the China GDP and this technology you can see how going to be bigger than the GDP because in close all transactions wholesale channels retail online offline are going into a shopping mall or going into a farmer's market like this that technology is used by seven hundred million people
00:07:15to pay each other not just merchants so it's peer to peer and it's almost transaction fee free and it's instantaneous and is used everywhere and and finally the China market is enormous this market is large which helps give entrepreneurs more users more revenue more investment but most importantly
00:07:39it gives the entrepreneurs a chance to collect the huge amount of data which becomes rocket fuel for the A. I. engine so as a result the Chinese A. I. companies have leafed ahead so that today the most valuable companies in computer vision speech recognition speech synthesis machine translation
00:08:01and drones are all Chinese companies so with US leading the era of discovery and China leading the era of implementation we're now in an amazing age where the tool engine of the two super powers are working together to drive the fastest revolution in technology that we have ever
00:08:23seen as humans and this will bring tremendous wealth unprecedented wealth sixteen trillion dollars according to PWC in terms of added GDP to the worldwide GDP by twenty thirty it will also bring immense challenges in terms of potential job replacements where asked in the industrial age it created more
00:08:49jobs because Pressman jobs were deep being decomposed into jobs in the assembly line so more jobs were created but a I'd completely replaces the individual jobs in the assembly line with robots and it's not just in factories but truckers drivers and even our jobs like telesales customer service
00:09:13and him apologist as well as radiologists over the next fifteen years are going to be gradually replaced by artificial intelligence and only the creative jobs to make myself safe right really the creative jobs are the ones that are protected because a I can optimize but not creates but
00:09:39what's more serious than the loss of jobs is the loss of meaning because the work ethic in the industrial age has brainwashed us into thinking that work is the reason we exist that work define the meaning of our lives and I was a prime and willing victim to
00:10:00that type of workaholic thinking I worked incredibly hard that's why almost left my wife in the delivery room that's why work nine nine six along side of my entrepreneurs and that's obsession that I had with work and that you abruptly a few years ago when I was that
00:10:20night no ghosts with fourth stage lymphoma the pet scan here shows over twenty malignant tumors jumping out like fireballs melting away my ambition but more importantly it helped me re examine my life knowing that I may only have a few months to live cost me to see how
00:10:42foolish it was for me to base my entire self worth on how hard I worked in the accomplishments from hard work my priorities were completely out of order I neglected my family my father had passed away and I never had a chance to tell him I loved him
00:11:03my mother had dementia and no longer recognized me and my children have grown up during my chemotherapy I read the book by brawny where who talked about dying wishes and regrets of the people in that that's bad she found that facing death nobody regretted that didn't work hard
00:11:23enough in this life they only regretted that they didn't spend enough time with their loved ones and that they didn't spread their love so I am fortunately today in remission so I can be back its head again to share with you that I have changed my ways I
00:11:52am now only work nine six five occasionally nine nine six but usually nine six five are I moved closer to my mother my wife usually travels with me and what my kids have a cation if they don't come home I go to them so it's a new form
00:12:09of life that helped me recognize how important it is that love is for me and facing death helped me change my life but it also helped me see a new way of how a I should should impact mankind and work and co exist with mankind that really what
00:12:30where a I is taking away a lot of the routine jobs but routine jobs are not what we're about where why we exist is love when we hold our newborn baby love at first sight we help someone in need humans are uniquely able to give and receive love
00:12:49and that's what differentiates us from a I despite what science fiction may portray I can responsibly tell you that a I has no love when alpha go defeated the world champion could GM walk because you're was crying and loving the game of go off of gold felt no
00:13:08happiness from winning and certainly no desire to hug a loved one it's so how do we differentiate ourselves as humans in the age of a I'd we talked about the axis of creativity and certainly that is one possibility and now we introduce a new axis that we can
00:13:30call compassion love or empathy those are things that a I cannot do so as a I takes away the routine jobs I like to think we can we should and we must create jobs of compassion you might ask how many of those there are but I would ask
00:13:48you do you not think that we're going to need a lot of social workers to help us make this transition do you not think we need a lot of a compassionate care givers to give more medical care to more people do you not think we're going to need
00:14:02ten times more teachers to help our children find their way to survive and thrive in this Brave New World and with all the new found wealth should we not also make labors of love into careers and lacks elderly accompaniments or home schooling become careers also this graph is
00:14:31surely not perfect but the point set for ways that we can work with A. I. air will a I will come and take away the routine jobs and in due time we will be thankful a I will become great tools for the creatives so that scientists artists musicians
00:14:47and writers can be even more creative a I will work with human as analytical tools that humans can wrap their warmth around for the high compassion jobs and we can always differentiate ourselves with the uniquely capable jobs that are both compassionate and creative and using and leveraging our
00:15:11irreplaceable brains and hearts so there you have it it's a blueprint of coexistence for humans and may I a I is serendipity it is here to liberate us from routine jobs and it is here to remind us what it is that makes us human so let us choose
00:15:30to embrace a I and to love one another thank you for more Ted talk at Ted dot com all six

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