Bottled Water: The Good, Bad & Ugly Dirty Water Guy – Stefan Roots [email protected]
DirtyWaterDude.com Bottled Water is Popular $100 billion industry The average American will drink 27.4 gallons of bottled water in 2016, compared to 26.2 gallons of soda. Because many soda companies—including Coca-Cola, PepsiCo., Inc., and Dr. Pepper Snapple Group—also produce and sell bottled water, the drop in sales hasn't been a problem. In fact, promotion of bottled water as a healthy beverage option has been going on for more than a decade. Celebrities adding to the attraction of Water Beyoncé is a “meaningful” equity holder in a three-year-old startup that makes cold-pressed watermelon water called. 50 Cent made a $½ billion off of Vitamin Water Bottle Water is convenient and believed to be safe The example of Flint, Michigan's drinking water crisis and similar stories of drinking water contamination in Washington, D.C., and New Jersey has led the public to turn bottle water. In many taste tests, tap water was preferred over bottled water Bottled water is a packaged food product sold in individual, sanitary, sealed containers. It is intended solely for human consumption. The dog can still lap from the toilet. Consumers have a variety of bottled water choices available to satisfy their particular tastes and price preferences. It is sold in many different package sizes, including 3- and 5-gallon containers used in bottled water coolers, 2 1⁄2 gallon refrigerator-size containers, and “on-the go” half-liter, one-liter, and 1.5 liter convenience – size packages. Consumers choose bottled water for several reasons – taste, quality, and convenience. Bottled water is also an alternative to other packaged beverages (such as carbonated beverages and energy drinks) when consumers want to avoid or moderate calories, caffeine, sugar, artificial flavors or colors, alcohol and other ingredients. Good Its water Water is the most abundant compound on Earth and it is essential to every form of life. All sources recommend that people drink 8 glasses each and every day or the new thing is drink ½ as many ounces of water as your weight. Because of its relatively low cost compared to Johnie Walker Blue, and proven health benefits, it is one of the most popular beverages in the world. We drink it from fountains, streams and bottles. Retail Water the different kinds of bottled water, including “artesian water,” “groundwater,” “distilled water,” “deionized water,” “reverse osmosis,” “mineral water,” “purified water,” “sparkling water,” “spring water,” “sterile water” and “well water.” The regulations also include definitions for the more general terms, “bottled water” and “drinking water.” These are the terms that bottled water companies use on their labels to describe their bottled water products. In this way, consumers have easy access to knowing the type of water they are purchasing. Bottled water products are misbranded unless the water in the bottled conforms to the applicable Standard of Identify on the product label. Convenient It first started with gallons, then liters then 15-packs then 24-packs. Trucks are shipping hundreds of cases of bottled water every day. Serve a degree of reliability in times of natural disaster or compromised water service. Today’s on-the-go American craves a drink that is portable, healthy and thirst-quenching. That is why many beverages come in easy to carry 20-ounce bottles. These very bottles are another indication of just how massive the water industry has become. Bottles are pretty. Artsy Labels. Fancy names. Shiny plastic. Among U.S. cities that have taken action are San Francisco and Seattle, which no longer buy water for city use, and Chicago, which added a five-cent tax on each bottle. Several restaurants in those cities have also given up bottled for filtered tap. Bad Expensive Bottled water costs over 1,000+ times more than tap water. $1 gets you one bottle from the store. $1 gets you 400 bottles from the tap. Some 40% of volume sold is nothing more than a repackaged version of the H2O available at your tap. Shelf life Bottled water lasts for years. Since the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) does not require a shelf life for bottled water, the actual shelf life of water is indefinite! You will probably not find any sell by, use by or best by dates on your bottle of water. Water really does not go bad on its own, but packaging and other environmental factors can actually cause water to go bad. The shelf life of water depends on the preparation method (not all water is created equal) and how it was stored. Store water in a cool dark place away from cleaning products, gasoline, paint thinner and other toxic or odorous materials. This is especially true now that bottles have become greener (new lighter & thinner material). You can help water stay fresh longer by storing it in your refrigerator immediately after use. Story Times More than a dozen pallets of bottled water had to be destroyed after they were found abandoned in vacant lots. Michigan State Police Lt. B.J. Roach said in the past month police were tipped off to the abandoned bottled water pallets at two separate locations. Roach said around eight pallets were found at each location and investigators couldn't attribute it to any specific person. Roach said when investigators went out to the sites they were unsure how long the water had been at the locations sitting in the elements. She added that investigators found very obvious signs that animals and insects had gotten into it. "Due to health and safety reasons we determined it was best to destroy it rather than put it out to the community," Roach said. "We're certainly not going to put water out that we can't guarantee is safe." Ugly Regulations Bottled Water Regulated by Food and Drug Administration FDA. Tap water regulated by Environmental Protection Agency EPA. As a packaged food product, bottled water is subject to all the same statutory and regulatory requirements as FDA applies to other packaged food products, including other packaged beverage products such as carbonated beverages, energy drinks and juice products. Bottled water is subject to comprehensive government regulation at both the federal and state level. In addition, the International Bottled Water Association (IBWA) has adopted industry standards (IBWA Bottled Water Code of Practice) that are, in some instances, more stringent than FDA or EPA requirements. As mandated by federal law, FDA’s bottled water standards must be no less stringent and no less protective of the public health than EPA’s regulations for public drinking water. EPA and FDA each have detailed regulations related to maximum allowable contaminant levels. EPA has Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) regulations for 96 contaminants, and FDA has Standards of Quality (SOQ) regulations for 91 contaminants, for a net difference of 5. But that is not the entire story. In fact: The maximum allowable contaminant levels are the same for 83 contaminants; FDA has standards for 4 contaminants/water properties that EPA does not; FDA has set stricter levels than EPA for 14 contaminants; and EPA has standards for 11 contaminants that FDA does not. Thus, the contaminant levels are exactly the same for the vast majority of contaminants. Myth Tap water is regulated by the EPA, which enforces harsher standards for water quality than the FDA does for bottled water. Barring any unusual circumstances, you should be perfectly safe and healthy relying on tap water to keep you hydrated. Most tap water is more heavily tested and regulated than bottled water – one third of the bottled waters violated their own industry standards for water quality Drinking Water Research Foundation Federal regulation of contaminants in municipal drinking water and bottled water are the same for approximately 80% of the contaminants regulated by both the EPA and FDA. When compared side-by-side, although it appears that EPA has established a few maximum contaminant levels (MCLs) for contaminants that FDA has not, these few contaminants are not regulated by FDA because they are unlikely to be present in bottled water. This is not unlike waivers made available to public water systems for chemical contaminants never used or applied in the area surrounding their water sources. When compared side-by-side, it becomes clear that FDA’s standards of quality (SOQs) for bottled water are indeed at least as stringent as EPA’s MCLs for tap water. Upon further examination, there are actually 14 contaminants for which FDA has established SOQs that are either more stringent than corresponding EPA MCLs, or are not regulated as health-based MCLs in tap water. CONSEQUENCES OF NON-COMPLIANCE Bottled water that contains contaminant(s) that exceed FDA SOQs for contaminants in bottled water may not be distributed for public consumption, or must be recalled from the marketplace. Public drinking water that exceeds EPA MCLs requires a notification of the public alerting them to the presence of the contaminant(s), with directives or instructions for avoiding being exposed to the contaminant(s). However, the non-compliant water continues to flow through the PWS distribution system. A comparison of SOQ and MCL exceedances yields that there have been a total of six (6) Class I recalls of bottled water in the past 22 years. Approximately 11,000 MCL violations for public drinking water occurred at more than 5,200 PWSs in one year (2010), involving almost 23 million U.S. citizens. A survey of state bottled water regulatory authorities, dated June, 2009 and conducted by the Government Accountability Office (GAO), found there were zero outbreaks of foodborne illness from bottled water over a 5-year period. By contrast, in 2006, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimated that 16.4 million people become sick annually from municipal water supplies. Because bottled water regulates so closely to the EPA standards, and we know there are known contaminants the EPA haven’t got to regulating yet, bottled water is as good as or a tad better than tap water. If we could put bottled water thru a home water filter… ACIDIC Most bottled water tests to be more acidic than tap water. Tap water is strict on not being acidic to prevent pipe corrosion. Maybe something to consider. Plastic Over 50 billion plastic bottles end up in landfills each year humans were responsible for dropping between 4.8 and 12.7 million metric tons of plastic in the ocean in 2010 alone. Landfills are the primary receivers of the 35 billion plastic water bottles we throw out each year Plastic Island in the pacific ocean Once the plastic bottle has taken on its new form as a microplastic, it becomes readily available for consumption by animals like fish and plankton. Even then, it never disappears, but rather continues to circulate in a vicious cycle. Plastic water bottles can take between 400 and 1,000 years to decompose It requires 3 times the amount of water to produce a plastic bottle than it does to fill it Last year, the average American used 167 water bottles, but only recycled 38 It takes 17 million barrels of oil to produce plastic bottles yearly. This could fuel 1 million cars for a year Freezing bottled water for consumption is not recommended because of the chemicals contained in the bottle. Freezing and boiling temperatures break down the chemicals in plastic bottles which can then leak into the liquid Never leave bottled water in direct sunlight or even inside your car all day on a hot sunny day. Chemicals from the plastic container will heat and leak into the water. Drinking these bottles that have been left in the sun have been directly linked to breast cancer in women and studies now show links to other types of cancer in both men and women. Don’t hydrate with single-use plastic. Invest in a reusable water bottle, mug, cup, mason jar, or whatever else will hold a serving of H2O. Whatever your choice, it’s a better option than a plastic bottle. Story Time From a Flint Newspaper A friend of mine who regularly frequents a Flint convenient store noticed a few brands of bottled water not normally sold there appearing on the shelves. Turns out the store owner is selling donated water he got for free! As far as I know, Meijer and Walmart water are only sold at those two stores!